ALL  THE  PRIMARY  PLANTS  USED  AS  BONSAI
AND  IN  THE  RELATED  ARTS  --
A  TAXONOMIC  ANALYSIS  OF  THE  ROSIDAE,   II


compiled by Robert J. Baran


This Page Last Updated: October 16, 2016



(General notes at page bottom)

 
Index by Family
Anthophyta
Cycadophyta
Pinophyta
Pteridophyta
Notes
Magnoliophyta - Rosidae I
Magnoliophyta - Asteridae
Magnoliophyta - Caryophyllidae
Magnoliophyta - Dilleniidae
Magnoliophyta - Hamamelididae
Magnoliophyta - Magnoliidae
Magnoliophyta - Ranunculidae
Magnoliophyta - Rosidae II


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Division      Magnoliophyta    :    Ovary-enclosed-seeded flowering plants whose embryos possess two (dicot) leaf-like structures called cotyledons
----- Class      Magnoliopsida
---------- Subclass      Rosidae    :    trees and shrubs having fleshy or non-fleshy fruits
--------------- Order      Oxalidales
-------------------- Family      Cunoniaceae, the cunonia family
------------------------- Genus      Callicoma
------------------------------ Species      serratifolia Andrews (billardieri, ferruginea)        Black wattle
------------------------- Genus      Ceratopetalum  *
------------------------------ Species      gummiferum Sm.        New South Wales Christmas bush
------------------------- Genus      Eucryphia  *
------------------------------ Species      lucida (Labill.) Baill. (billardieri)        Tasmanian leatherwood
-------------------- Family      Elaeocarpaceae, the elaeocarp family
------------------------- Genus      Crinodendron  *
------------------------------ Species      hookerianum Gay (eriocladum)        Chilean lantern tree
------------------------- Genus      Elaeocarpus  (Monocera) *  o
------------------------------ Species      reticulatus Sm. (cyaneus)        Blueberry ash
-------------------- Family      Oxalidaceae, the wood sorrel family
------------------------- Genus      Averrhoa (Malpighia) *  o
------------------------------ Species      bilimbi L. (abtusangulata, obtusangula)        Bilimbi / Cucumber tree / Tree sorrel / Mimbro
------------------------------ Species      carambola L. (acutangula)        Carambola / Starfruit / Balimbing
------------------------- Genus      Oxalis (Acetosella, Lotoxalis)
------------------------------ Species      frutescens L. (avilensis, bahiensis, berlandieri, camporum, chacoensis, charaguensis, coccinea, cruzeirensis, descolei, diffusa, distans, glaucifolia, guatemalensis, harmsiana, herzogii, hispida, jahnii, leptophylla, nodulosa, pentantha, pilosissima, plumieri, robusta)        Shrubby woodsorrel
------------------------------ Species      hedysaroides Kunth. (sodiroi)        Fire fern
--------------- Order      Proteales
-------------------- Family      Proteaceae, the protea family
------------------------- Genus      Adenanthos
------------------------------ Species      cygnorum Diels & E.Pritz.        Common woollybush
------------------------------ Species      sericeus Labill.        Coastal or Dwarf woollybush / Woolly bush
------------------------- Genus      Banksia (Dryandra, Sirmuellera)  *
------------------------------ Species      aemula . (elatior, serratifolia)        Wallum banksia
------------------------------ Species      ashbyi Baker f.        Ashby's banksia
------------------------------ Species      attenuata R.Br. (cylindrostachya)        Candle or Candlestick or Slender or Coast banksia / Biara
------------------------------ Species      ericifolia L.f. (phylicifolia)        Heath or Heath-leaved or Lantern banksia
------------------------------ Species      integrifolia L.f. (asplenifolia, glauca, oleifolia, reticulata, spicata)        Coastal or Coast banksia
------------------------------ Species      marginata Cav. (australis, depressa, ferrea, gunnii, hypoleuca, insularis, integerrima, integrifolia, marcescens, microstachya, patula, praemorsa)        Silver banksia / Warrock
------------------------------ Species      menziesii R.Br.        Firewood or Port wine or Strawberry banksia
------------------------------ Species      oblongifolia Cav. (huegelii, integrifolia, intermedia, latifolia, longifolia, robur, salicifolia)        Fern-leaved or Rusty banksia
------------------------------ Species      paludosa R.Br. (integrifolia)        Marsh or Swamp banksia
------------------------------ Species      serrata L.f. (aemula, conchifera, media, mitis, undulata)        Old man or Saw or Saw-tooth banksia / Red honeysuckle
------------------------------ Species      spinulosa Sm. (collina, denticulata, incognita)        Hairpin banksia
------------------------- Genus      Dryandra (Banksia)
------------------------------ Species      praemorsa Meisn. (undata)        Cut-leaf banksia or dryandra / Urchin dryandra
------------------------- Genus      Grevillea  *
------------------------------ Species      diminuta L.A.S.Johnson        Grevillea
------------------------------ Species      johnsonii McGill.        Johnson's grevillea
------------------------------ Species      lanigera A.Cunn. ex R.Br. (ericifolia, scabrella)        Woolly grevillea
------------------------------ Species      robusta A.Cunn. ex R.Br. P (umbratica, venusta)        Southern silky oak / Australian silver oak
------------------------------ Species      rosmarinifolia A.Cunn. (latrobei, nutans, riparia)        Rosemary grevillea
------------------------- Genus      Hakea (Banksia, Conchium, Embothrium)
------------------------------ Species      bucculenta C.A.Gardner        Red pokers
------------------------------ Species      francisiana F.Muell. (coriacea)        Grass-leaf or Red spike hakea
------------------------------ Species      laurina R.Br.        Kodjet / Pincushion hakea / Emu bush
------------------------------ Species      macreana F.Muell.        Needle-wood
------------------------------ Species      myrtoides Meisn.        Myrtle hakea
------------------------------ Species      purpurea Hook.        Hakea
------------------------------ Species      salicifolia (Vent.) B.L.Burtt (florulenta, mimosoides, saligna) W        Willow-leaved hakea or Willow or Finger hakea
------------------------------ Species      sericea Schrad. & J.C.Wendl. (acicularis, brachyrrhyncha, decurrens, lissosperma, obliqua, tenuifolia) W        Needlebush or Silky hakea
------------------------------ Species      teretifolia Britten        Dagger hakea
------------------------- Genus      Lomatia
------------------------------ Species      myricoides Domin        Lomatia
------------------------- Genus      Persoonia (Linkia)
------------------------------ Species      linearis Andrews        Narrow-leaved geebung
------------------------------ Species      recedens Gand. (nutans)        Persoonia / Geebung
------------------------------ Species      virgata R.Br. (virgatus)        Small-leaved geebung
------------------------- Genus      Petrophile
------------------------------ Species      fastigiata R.Br.        Conebush
--------------- Order      Rosales
-------------------- Family      Cannabaceae, the hemp family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Cannabis
------------------------------ Species      sativa L. (americana, chinensis, erratica, foetens, generalis, gigantea, indica, intersita, kafiristanica, lupulus, macrosperma, ruderalis)   # toxic to dogs and cats #       Cannabis / Marijuana / Hemp / Da ma / Cañamo de la India / Chanvre / Charas / Chira / Ganja / Gauja / Grass / Grifa / Guaza / Hanfkraut / Hashish / Hasis / Herbe / Indian hemp / Juana / Kif / Maconha / Marihuana / Marijane / Pot / Reefer / Tea / Weed / Yerba
------------------------- Genus      Celtis  *  o
------------------------------ Species      africana Burm.f. (burmanni, henriquezii, holtzii, kraussiana, opegrapha, vesiculosa)        White stinkwood
------------------------------ Species      australis L. (alpina, eriocarpa, excelsa, kotschyana, lutea, serrata)       European nettle tree / Mediterranean hackberry / Lote tree / Honeyberry
------------------------------ Species      bungeana Blume (amphibola, chinensis, davidiana, gongshanensis, mairei, sinensis, yangquanensis)        Bunge's hackberry
------------------------------ Species      laevigata Willd. (berlandieri, douglasii, reticulata)        Sugarberry / Southern or Sugar or Netleaf or Netleaf sugar or Western or Douglas hackberry / Hackberry / Palo blanco / Acibuche
------------------------------ Species      occidentalis L. (audibertiana, cordata, cordifolia, crassifolia, floridana, heterophyla, longifolia, morifolia, obliqua, parvifolia, procera, scabra, tenuifolia, urticifolia)        Common hackberry
------------------------------ Species      sinensis Pers. (bodinieri, bungeana, cercidifolia, hunanensis, japonica, labilis, nervosa, tetrandra, willdenowiana)        Chinese or Japanese hackberry / Chinese celtis or elm or nettle-tree / Hackberry / Phusu
------------------------------ Species      tala Gillies ex Planch. (cinerea, ehrenbergiana, sellowiana, weddelliana)        Tala
-------------------- Family      Elaeagnaceae, the oleaster or Russian olive family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Elaeagnus (Hippophae)
------------------------------ Species      angustifolia L. (argentea, caspica, dactyliformis, erivanensis, hortensis, igda, iliensis, incana, inermis, litoralis, longipes, moorcroftii, orientalis, oxycarpa, songorica, spinosa, tifliensis, tomentosa, turcomanica)  W        Silver berry / Oleaster / Russian or Wild olive
------------------------------ Species      commutata Bernh. ex Rydb. (argenta, glabra)        American silverberry / Wolf-willow
------------------------------ Species      multiflora Thunb. (edulis, isensis, jucundicocca, longipes, odoratiedulis, rotundifolia, siphonantha, umbellata)        Goumi / Gumi / Natsugumi / Cherry silverberry
------------------------------ Species      pungens Thunb. (simonii, sinensis)        Thorny olive / Silverthorn
------------------------------ Species      rhamnoides (L.) A.Nelson P        Common sea-buckthorn
------------------------- Genus      Shepherdia
------------------------------ Species      argentea (Pursh) Nutt.        Silver or Thorny buffaloberry / Bull berry
------------------------------ Species      rotundifolia Parry        Roundleaf buffaloberry
-------------------- Family      Moraceae, the mulberry or fig family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Artocarpus
------------------------------ Species      heterophyllus Lam. (brasiliensis, integrifolius, maximus, nanca, philippensis)        Jackfruit / Jack tree / Jakfruit / Jack / Jak / Katahal / Pala-pazham / Panasa / Phanas / Halasu / Nangka / Fenesi / Ka-noon / Langka
------------------------- Genus      Broussonetia (Papyrius)
------------------------------ Species      papyrifera (L.) L'Hér. ex Vent. (billardii, cordata, cucullata, dissecta, elegans, kassi, kazi, maculata, nana, navicularis, navifolia, spathulata, tricolor)        Paper mulberry / Tapa cloth tree
------------------------- Genus      Dorstenia
------------------------------ Species      lavrani T.A.McCoy & M.Massara        Taba'a Gorge dorstenia
------------------------- Genus      Ficus (Caprificus, Covellia, Gonosuke, Sycomorus, Synoecia, Urostigma) # some skin irritating sap #   o
------------------------------ Species      altissima Blume (laccifera, latifolia)        Council tree
------------------------------ Species      americana Aubl. (arbutifolia, chiriquiana, consanguinea, eugeniifolia, georgii, jacquinifolia, liebmanniana, oerstediana, omphalophora, perforata, periplocifolia, sintenisii, wilsonii)        West Indian laurel or Jamaican cherry fig
------------------------------ Species      ampelas Burm.f. (asperior, bandana, blepharosepala, exasperata, fachikoogi, fastigiata, guyeri, hayatae, irisana, javensis, kingiana, rubricaulis, rudis, sibuyanensis, soronensis, sorsogenensis, tashiroi, tenuicuspidata, todayensis, validicaudata)        Upling gubat / Hampelas / Rempelas / Pila / Beringin ampelas / Sandpaper banyan
------------------------------ Species      amplissima Sm. (indica, pseudobenjamina, pseudotsiela, tjiela, tsiela)        Chela / Koyali / Bilibasuri / Bilibasari mara
------------------------------ Species      aurea Nutt. (cabusana, ciliolosa, cookii, dimidiata, isophlebia, jimenezii, laterisyce, lundellii, mayana, rigidula, sapotifolia, tecolutensis, tuerckheimii, venusta, warczewiczii)        Strangler or Florida strangler or Golden fig / Higueron
------------------------------ Species      benghalensis L. (banyana, chauvieri, cotoneifolia, crassinervia, karet, krishnae, lancifolia, lasiophylla, procera, pubescens, umbrosa)        Indian banyan
------------------------------ Species      benjamina L. (comosa, cuspidatocaudata, dictyophylla, haematocarpa, lucida, neglecta, nepalensis, nitida, notobor, nuda, papyrifera, parvifolia, pendula, pyrifolia, reclinata, retusa, striata, umbrina, xavieri)        Weeping or Benjamin's fig / Ficus tree / Beringin / Banyan
------------------------------ Species      binnendijkii Miq. (amstel, maclellandii, ngii, percuta)        Long-leaf or Narrow-leaf or Sabre or Binnendijk's fig
------------------------------ Species      bizanae Hutch. & Burtt Davy        Ficus
------------------------------ Species      brandegeei Standl. (petiolaris)   &nbs, p;    Desert fig
------------------------------ Species      burtt-davyi Hutch. (natalensis)        Burtt Davyi ficus
------------------------------ Species      carica L. (albescens, burdigalensis, caprificus, colchica, colombra, communis, deliciosa, dottata, globosa, hypoleuca, hyrcana, kopetdagensis, latifolia,leucocarpa, macrocarpa, neapolitana, pachycarpa, pedunculata, polymorpha, praecox, regina, rugosa, silvestris)        Commmon fig
------------------------------ Species      cestrifolia Schott (organensis, pohliana, tweedieana)        Figueira-branca
------------------------------ Species      citrifolia Mill. (antimanensis, botryapioides, brevifolia, caribaea, catesbaei, eximia, foveata, foveolata, gentlei, gigantea, guanarensis, guaranitica, laevigata, lentiginosa, oblongata, pedunculata, populifolia, populnea, populoides, portoricensis, pyrifolia, rectinervis, rubrinervis, sancti-crucis, syringifolia, thomaea, turbinata)        Shortleaf or Giant bearded fig / Wild banyantree
------------------------------ Species      concinna (Miq.) Miq. (affinis, arayatensis, blumei, fecundissima, glabella, obovata, parvifolia, pseudoreligiosa)        Red balete / Ya rong
------------------------------ Species      coronata Spin (muntia, stephanocarpa)        Sandpaper or Creek sandpaper fig
------------------------------ Species      craterostoma Warb. ex Mildbr. & Burret (anomani, furcata, luteola, mutantifolia, pilosula, rubropunctata, ruwenzoriensis)        Forest or Rare forest or Strangler fig
------------------------------ Species      deltoidea Jack (diversifolia, lutescens, ovoidea, retusa, sideroxylifolia, spathulata, viscifolia)        Mistletoe fig / Mas
------------------------------ Species      drupacea Thunb. (auranticarpa, chrysochlamys, chrysocoma, citrifolia, ellipsoidea, gonia, indica, mysorensis, payapa, pilosa rupestris, subrepanda, vidaliana)        Hairy or Brown-woolly or Drupe fig
------------------------------ Species      elastica Roxb. ex Hornem. (clusiifolia, cordata, karet, skytinodermis, taeda)        Rubber fig or bush or tree or plant / Indian rubber bush
------------------------------ Species      erecta Thunb. (beecheyana, cornifolia, japonica, koshunensis, maruyamensis, pseudopyriformis, pumila, sieboldii, taquetii, tenax)        Japanese fig / Inu-biwa / Ai xiao tian xian guo
------------------------------ Species      hispida L.f. (caudiculata, compressa, daemonum, fecunda, goolereea, heterostyla, hispidioides, letaqui, lima, mollis, oppositifolia, perinteregam, poilanei, prominens, sambucixylon, scabra, simphytifolia, symphytifolia)        Ficus
------------------------------ Species      ilicina (Sond.) Miq. (guerichiana)        Rock splitting or Laurel fig
------------------------------ Species      ingens (Miq.) Miq. (caffra, ingentoides, katagumica, kawuri, magenjensis, ovatocordata, pondoensis, schimperiana)        Red-leaved rock fig / Rooiblaarrotsvy / Motlhatsa
------------------------------ Species      lingua Warb. ex De Wild. & T.Durand (buxifolia, micropison)        Boxwood or Box leaf or Congo fig
------------------------------ Species      luschnathiana (Miq.) Miq. (diabolica, erubescens, horquetensis, ibapophy, monckii, speciosa)        Ficus
------------------------------ Species      macrophylla Desf. ex Pers. (angladei, huegelii, macrocarpa, magnolioides, squamellosa)        Moreton Bay fig
------------------------------ Species      microcarpa L.f. (aggregata, amblyphylla, cairnsii, crassifolia, condaravia, dahlii, dictyophleba, dilatata, dyctiophleba, hillii, littoralis, longisland, naumannii, nitida, regnans, retusa, retusiformis, rubra, thynneana)        Laurel fig / Carpa / Balete / Indian laurel / Green Island or gem or spire or emerald or mound fig / Tigerbark or Hawaii or Nitida fig / Chinese or Malayan or Tawian or Korean banyan / Ficus ginseng or Long Island / Kin Men fig / Beringin Taiwan or Korea / Kimeng
------------------------------ Species      nana Corner        Balete
------------------------------ Species      natalensis Hochst. (columbarum, durbanii, mammosa, scutata, subacuminata, triangularis, variabilis)        Natal or Triangle fig
------------------------------ Species      obliqua G.Forst. (aphanoneura, backhousei, boothiana, eugenioides, graeffii, laevis, sororia,tryonii, virginea)        Small-leaved fig
------------------------------ Species      palmeri S.Watson (petiolaris)        Rock fig
------------------------------ Species      pedunculosa Miq. (ataktophylla, confertifolia, garanbiensis, imberbis, luzonensis, macropoda, mearnsii, moseleyana, segaarensis)        Wan rong
------------------------------ Species      petiolaris Kunth (jaliscana)        Rock or Lava fig / Blue Mexican fig / Mary's tree
------------------------------ Species      platypoda (Miq.) A.Cunn. ex Miq. (leucotricha)        Desert or Rock fig
------------------------------ Species      pumila L. (hanceana, longipedicellata, repens, scandens, stipulata, vestita)        Creeping or Climbing fig
------------------------------ Species      punctata Thunb. (aurantiacea, callicarpa, elliptica, falcata, gibbosa, indica, kallicarpa, lanyuensis, macrocarpa, megacarpa, pomifera, punctulata, simiae, terasoensis)        Chinese or Malayan banyan / Indian laurel or Curtain fig
------------------------------ Species      racemosa L. (acidula, chittagonga, glomerata, henrici, lanceolata, leucocarpa, lucescens, mollis, semicostata, trichocarpa, vesca)        Cluster fig tree / Goolar or Gular fig / Sung / Loa
------------------------------ Species      religiosa L. (caudata, peepul, rhynchophylla, superstitiosa)        Sacred fig / Bodhi / Bo-tree / Peepul
------------------------------ Species      retusa L. X (truncata)        Cuban-laurel / Beringin karet / Rubber banyan / Iprik
------------------------------ Species      rubiginosa Desf. ex Vent. (australis, baileyana, ferruginea, fulva, leichhardtii, macrophylla, muelleri, novae-walliae, obliqua, platypoda, shirleyana)        Rusty or Port Jackson or Little-leaf fig
------------------------------ Species      rumphii Blume (affinior, conciliorum, cordifolia, coriacea, damit, populiformis, populnea)        Rumpf's fig
------------------------------ Species      sagittata Vahl (adhaerens, bordenii, carophylla, coccinella, compressicaulis, crininervia, lanaoensis, leptocarpa, oligosperma, radicans, ramentacea, ramosii, rigescens, rubrocarpa, subrigida, tayabensis)        Yang ru rong
------------------------------ Species      salicaria C.C.Berg (densa, diadena, fieldingii, nemoralis, nerifolia, salicifolia, trilepis, wardii)        Willow leaf or Narrow-leaved fig
------------------------------ Species      subulata Blume (acuminata, ancolana, boiei, confusa, dicarpa, driveri, erythropareia, iteoides, klinkii, salicifolia, sanhday, saxatilis, sikkimensis)        Jia xie ye rong
------------------------------ Species      superba Miq. (petiolata, tenuipes)        Sea or Deciduous or Strangler fig
------------------------------ Species      sur Forssk. (beniensis, brassii, capensis, clethrophylla, erubescens, gongoensis, guineensis, ituriensis, kondeensis, lichtensteinii, mallotocarpa, munsae, ostiolata, panifica, plateiocarpa, riparia, stellulata, thonningiana, villosipes)        Broom cluster or Cape fig
------------------------------ Species      sycomorus L. (chanas, cocculifolia, comorensis, damarensis, gnaphalocarpa, integrifolia, sakalavarum, scabra, trachyphylla)        Sycamore fig / Fig-mulberry
------------------------------ Species      talbotii King (pierrei)        Itthi / Kal-ithi / Vellayal / Ithi
------------------------------ Species      tettensis Hutch. (smutsii)        Ibozane / Inkiwanyane / Mudohonya / Small-leaved rock fig / Umkululu / Umpayamputsane
------------------------------ Species      thonningii Blume (annobonensis, basarensis, bequaertii, bongoensis, burkei, butaguensis, chlamydodora, cognata, crassipedicellata, cyphocarpa, dekdekena, dinteri, dissocarpa, dusenii, erici-rosenii, eriocarpa, galpinii, goetzei, hochstetteri, iteophylla, kagerensis, mabifolia, mammigera, medullaris, microcarpa, neriifolia, neurocarpa, persicifolia, petersii, phillipsii, psilopoga, pubicosta, rhodesiaca, rokko, ruficeps, rupicola, ruspolii, schimperi, schinziana, spragueana, tropophyton)        Common wild or Burke's fig / Intenjane / Musvasvi or Mutsamvi / Umtende
------------------------------ Species      tinctoria G.Forst. (altimeraloo, antoniana, chlorosykon, excelsa, fenicis, laeta, michelii, neoehudarum, reticulosa, swinhoei, validinervis)        Dye or Humped fig
------------------------------ Species      virens Aiton (aegeirophylla, ampla, apiculata, carolinensis, caulobotrya, cunninghamii, fraseri, glabella, infectoria, infrafoliacea, lacor, lambertiana, monticola, nesophila, nitentifolia, pilhasi, prolixa, psychotriifolia, saxophila, scandens, syringifolia, terminalioides, terminalis, timorensis, wightiana)        White fig / Pilkhan / An-borndi
------------------------------ Species      virgata Reinw. ex Blume (cuspidatolongifolia, decaisneana, ellipsoidea, esmeralda, firmula, insularis, magnifica, philippinensis, pinkiana, setibracteata, trematocarpa, trymatocarpa)        White fig / Dao rong
------------------------- Genus      Maclura (Cudrania, Morus, Toxylon, Vanieria)
------------------------------ Species      cochinchinensis (Lour.) Corner (gerontogea, javanica, timorensis)        Gou ji / Sisir / Yellow doggie / Tahid-labuyo / Patdang-labuyo / Bulong-kadios / Kokom-pusa / Talobtob / Talolong / Cockspur thorn / Dryer's mulberry
------------------------------ Species      pomifera (Raf.) C.K.Schneid. (aurantiaca)        Osage-orange / Hedge-apple / Horse-apple / Bois d'arc / Bodark / Bodock
------------------------------ Species      tricuspidata Carrière (triloba)        Cudrang / Chinese mulberry / Mandarin melon berry / Silkworm thorn / Zhe or Che
------------------------- Genus      Morus  o
------------------------------ Species      alba L. (atropurpurea, chinensis, intermedia, latifolia, multicaulis)        White or Common mulberry / Murbei
------------------------------ Species      australis Poir. (acidosa, alba, bombycis, cavaleriei, formosensis, hastifolia, inusitata, longistylus, nigriformis, stylosa)        Mulberry
------------------------------ Species      nigra L.        Black or Persian mulberry / Toot tree / Hei sang
------------------------- Genus      Streblus (Taxotrophis)
------------------------------ Species      asper Lour.        Serut / Kalios / Siamese rough bush / Khoi / Toothbrush tree / Hkajang-nai / Mai-hkwai / Okhne
------------------------------ Species      taxoides (Roth) Kurz        Streblus
-------------------- Family      Rhamnaceae, the buckthorn family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Berchemia
------------------------------ Species      racemosa Siebold & Zucc. (fagifolia, formosana, lineata, magna, ohwii)        Buttercup / Berchemia / Huang shan teng / Yellow eel vine
------------------------- Genus      Ceanothus
------------------------------ Species      fendleri A.Gray (endlichii, subsericeus)        Fendler's ceanothus or buckbrush / Deer brier
------------------------------ Species      impressus Trel.        Santa Barbara ceanothus
------------------------------ Species      thyrsiflorus Eschw. (elegans)        Blueblossom / Blue blossom ceanothus / Bluebrush
------------------------- Genus      Frangula (Rhamnus)  W
------------------------------ Species      ulnus Mill. (atlantica, dodonei, frangula, nigra, pentapetala, vulgaris)       Alder buckthorn
------------------------- Genus      Phylica
------------------------------ Species      buxifolia L.        Box phylica / Bukshardeblaar
------------------------- Genus      Reynosia
------------------------------ Species      uncinata Urb.        Sloe
------------------------- Genus      Sageretia  *  o
------------------------------ Species      thea (Osbeck) M.C. Johnst. (chanetii, laetevirens, taiwaniana, theezans)  7        Chinese sweet plum / Hedge sageretia
------------------------- Genus      Ziziphus
------------------------------ Species      jujuba Mill. (mauritiana, muratiana, nitida, orthacantha, poiretii, rotundata, sativa, sinensis, soporifera, tomentosa, trinervia, vulgaris, ziziphus)        Jujube / Chinese or Korean date / Da zao / Mansanita / Ber
-------------------- Family      Rosaceae, the rose family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Amelanchier (Aronia, Crataegus, Mespilus, Pyrus)   *  o
------------------------------ Species      alnifolia (Nutt.) Nutt. ex M.Roem. (canadensis, carrii, leptodendron, macrocarpa, montana, parvilfolia, sanguinea)        Saskatoon / Pacific or Western serviceberry / Alder-leaf or Dwarf shadbush / Chuckley pear / Western juneberry / Pigeon berry
------------------------------ Species      arborea (F.Michx.) Fernald (botryapium, canadensis, intermedia, ovalis, wangenheimiana)        Downy or Common serviceberry
------------------------------ Species      asiatica (Siebold & Zucc.) Endl. ex Walp. (canadensis, japonica)        Asian serviceberry / Dong ya tang di
------------------------------ Species      canadensis (L.) Medik. (austromontana, botryapium, lobgifolia, lucida, neumanniana, oblongifolia, ovalis, rotundifolia, sera, spicata, stolonifera)        Canadian or Shadblow or Shadbush or Thicket or Blogbe serviceberry / Chuckleberry / Currant-tree / Juneberry / Shadblow / Shadbush / Sugarplum
------------------------------ Species      laevis Wiegand (arborea, botryapium, canadensis)        Smooth shadbush / Allegheny serviceberry
------------------------------ Species      lamarckii F.G.Schroed. (canadensis, confusa, grandiflora, laevis)        Snowy mespil[us] / Juneberry
------------------------------ Species      ovalis Medik. (amelanchier, rotundifolia, rupestris, vulgaris)        Snowy mespilus
------------------------------ Species      stolonifera Wiegand (oblongifolia, spicata)        Running serviceberry
------------------------- Genus      Aronia (Hanhina, Photinia, Pyrus, Sorbus)
------------------------------ Species      arbutifolia (L.) Pers. (densa, glabrescens, nigra, pubens, pumila, pyrifulia)        Red chokeberry
------------------------------ Species      prunifolia (Schneid.) Graebn. (atropurpurea, floribunda)        Purple chokeberry
------------------------- Genus      Cerasus (Prunus)
------------------------------ Species      lannesiana Carrière        Oshima cherry / Ukon-sakura
------------------------- Genus      Cercocarpus
------------------------------ Species      ledifolius Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray (hypoleucus)        Mountain mahogany
------------------------- Genus      Chaenomeles [Choenomeles] (Cyndonia, Malus, Pseudocydonia, Pyrus)  *  o  #
------------------------------ Species      cathayensis (Hemsl.) C.K.Schneid. (lagenaria, speciosa) 18        Japanese quince / Mao ye mu gua
------------------------------ Species      japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. ex Spach (cardinalis, maulei, trichogyna)        Japanese quince
------------------------------ Species      sinensis (Dum.Cours.) Koehne (chinensis)        Chinese quince
------------------------------ Species      speciosa (Sweet) Nakai (cardenalis, eburnea, japonica, lagenaria, rubra)        Flowering or Japanese quince / Jangsoomae / Myoungja
------------------------- Genus      Coleogyne
------------------------------ Species      ramosissima Torr.        Blackbrush
------------------------- Genus      Cotoneaster  o  #
------------------------------ Species      adpressus Bois        Creeping cotoneaster
------------------------------ Species      apiculatus Rehder & E.H.Wilson        Cranberry cotoneaster
------------------------------ Species      buxifolius Wall. ex Lindl. (affinis, argenteus, hookerianus, lanatus, microphyllus, wheeleri)        Bright bead cotoneaster / Huang yang ye xun zi
------------------------------ Species      congestus Baker (microphyllus, pyrenaicus)        Pyrenees cotoneaster
------------------------------ Species      conspicuus J.B.Comber ex C.Marquand (microphyllus)        Wintergreen or Necklace or Tibetan cotoneaster
------------------------------ Species      dammeri C.K.Schneid. (humifusus)        Bearberry cotoneaster
------------------------------ Species      divaricatus Rehder & E.H.Wilson        Spreading cotoneaster
------------------------------ Species      horizontalis Decne. (acuminatus, davidianus, microphyllus, symonsii)        Rockspray cotoneaster
------------------------------ Species      hupehensis Rehder & E.H.Wilson        Hupeh cotoneaster
------------------------------ Species      integerrimus Medik. (cotoneaster, integerrima, intermedius, villosus, vulgaris, zabelii)        Common or European cotoneaster
------------------------------ Species      lucidus Schltdl. (acutifolius, lucida)        Hedge or Shiny cotoneaster
------------------------------ Species      microphyllus . (microphylla)        Littleleaf cotoneaster
------------------------------ Species      multiflorus Wall. ex Lindl. (buxifolius, cochleatus, elatus, emarginatus, rupestris)        Many-flowered or Flowering cotoneaster
------------------------------ Species      nitidus Jacques (distichus, rotundifolia, rupestris, soulieanus)        Distichous cotoneaster / Liang lie xun zi / Glansoxbar
------------------------------ Species      salicifolius Franch. (salicifolia)        Willow-leaved or Willowleaf cotoneaster
------------------------------ Species      simonsii hort. ex Baker (acuminatus, montanus, nepalensis, nevadensis, symondsii)        Himalayan or Simon's cotoneaster / Khasia berry
------------------------- Genus      Crataegus (Halmia, Mespilus, Oxyacantha, Phaenopyrum)   *  #
------------------------------ Species      ambigua C.A.Mey. ex A.K.Becker (atrosanguinea, helenae, helenolae, sororia, volgensis)        Russian hawthorn
------------------------------ Species      crus-galli L. (acutifolia, algens, arduennae, barrettiana, bushii, canbyi, cherokeensis, cocksii, danielsii, denaria, exigua, fecunda, fontanesiana, hannibalensis, helvina, laurifolia, livoniana, lucida, mohrii, operta, palliata, palmeri, permixta, persistens, regalis, sabineana, salicifolia, schizophylla, shinnersii, signata, sublobulata, subpilosa, tantula, tenax, triumphalis, uniqua, vallicola)        Cockspur hawthorn / Cockspur thorn
------------------------------ Species      cuneata Siebold & Zucc. (alnifolia, argyi, chantcha, kulingensis, spathulata, stephanostyla)        Chinese or Japanese hawthorn / Shan zha
------------------------------ Species      douglasii Lindl. (punctata, sanguinea, williamsii)        Black hawthorn / Douglas' thornapple
------------------------------ Species      laevigata (Poir.) DC. (calycina, coriacea, cuneato-trifida, oxyacantha, oxyacanthoides, palmstruchii, subinermis, walokochiana)        Midland or English or Woodland hawthorn / Mayflower
------------------------------ Species      marshallii Eggl. (apiifolia, oxyacantha)        Parsley hawthorn or haw
------------------------------ Species      mollis (Torr. & A.Gray) Scheele (arkansana, cibaria, coccinea, gravida, induta, lacera, placens, subvillosa, tiliifolia, tilliaefolia, tomentosa, urasina)        Downy or Red hawthorn
------------------------------ Species      monogyna Jacq. (aegeica, alemanniensis, apiifolia, azarella, bracteolaris, brevispinba, calycina, chlorocarpa, cuneata, curvisepala, dissecta, floribunda, granatensis, hirsuta, intermedia, krumbholzii, laciniata, leiomonogyna, lipskyi, maroccana, maura, oligacantha, orientobaltica, oxyacantha, parvifolia, petiolulata, polyacantha, praearmata, pulchella, septempartita, stevenii, subborealis, subintegriloba, sublucens, thyrsoidea, transalpina, xeromorpha)        Common or Single-seeded or Oneseed hawthorn
------------------------------ Species      nitida (Engelm. ex Britton & N.E.Br.) Sarg. (viridis)        Glossy hawthorn
------------------------------ Species      phaenopyrum (L.f.) Medik. (acerifolia, cordata, populifolia, youngii)        Washington hawthorn or thorn
------------------------------ Species      pinnatifida Bunge (bretschneideri, oxyacantha)        Chinese hawthorn or hawberry / Shanzha
------------------------------ Species      punctata Jacq. (collina, cuneifolia, flava, obovatifolia, pyrifolia, tomentosa)        Dotted hawthorn / White haw
------------------------------ Species      rhipidophylla Gand. (appressidens, curvisepala, laciniata, microphylla, monogyna, oxyacantha, praemonticola, pseudokyrtostyla, rosaeformis, rosifornis, silesiaca, subrotunda)        Korallhagtorn / Spetshagtorn
------------------------------ Species      sanguinea Pall.        Siberian or Redhaw hawthorn
------------------------------ Species      succulenta Schrad. ex Link (ambrosia, ardua, chrysocarpa, coccinea, ferta, florifera, gemmosa, halliana, leucantha, macracantha, mortonis, neofluvialis, pertomentosa, pisifera, rotundifolia, saeva, sonnenbergensis, venulosa, virilis)        Fleshy or Succulent hawthorn
------------------------------ Species      viridis L. (abbreviata, amicalis, apiifolia, arborescens, blanda, davisii, enucleata, furcata, ingens, interior, larga, micantha, pechiana, velutina)        Green hawthorn
------------------------- Genus      Cydonia  Pyrus) *  o  #
------------------------------ Species      oblonga Mill. (communis, cydonia, europaea, maliformis, sumboshia, vulgaris)        Quince
------------------------- Genus      Dasiphora (Pentaphylloides, Potentilla)  *
------------------------------ Species      fruticosa (L.) Rydb. (floribunda, riparia)        Shrubby cinquefoil
------------------------- Genus      Kerria  *
------------------------------ Species      japonica (L.) DC.        Kerria
------------------------- Genus      Malus (Pyrus)   *  o
------------------------------ Species      baccata (L.) Borkh. (cerasifera, sibirica)        Siberian or Manchurian or Chinese or Nagasaki or Flowering crabapple
------------------------------ Species      coronaria (L.) Mill.        Sweet crabapple / Garland crab
------------------------------ Species      floribunda Siebold ex Van Houtte (pulcherrima)        Japanese flowering or Showy crabapple / Purple chokeberry
------------------------------ Species      halliana Koehne (domestica, floribunda)        Hall crabapple / Chui si hai tang
------------------------------ Species      hupehensis (Pamp.) Rehder (domestica, theifera)        Hupeh crab / Chinese or Tea crabapple
------------------------------ Species      ioensis (Alph.Wood) Britton        Prairie or Iowa crabapple
------------------------------ Species      micromalus Makino (domestica, kaido, spectabilis) 18        Kaido or Midget crab apple
------------------------------ Species      prunifolia (Willd.) Borkh. (domestica)        Pear-leaf or Plum-leaf crabapple / Chinese apple / Chinese crabapple / Qiu zi
------------------------------ Species      pumila Mill. (communis)        Common or Paradise apple
------------------------------ Species      sargentii Rehder        Sargent's apple / Sargent crabapple
------------------------------ Species      spectabilis (Sol.) Borkh. (domestica, microcarpa)        Chinese flowering or Asiatic apple / Chinese crab / Hai tang hua
------------------------------ Species      sylvestris (L.) Mill. (acerba, communis, malus)        European crab apple
------------------------------ Species      toringo (Siebold) Siebold ex de Vriese (hupehensis, sieboldii)        Toringo or Siebold's crabapple / San ye hai tang / Toringo-Apfel / Ko-nashi / Ko-ringo / Mitsuba-kaido / Zumi / Ageubaenamu
------------------------------ Species      toringoides (Rehder) Hughes (transitoria)        Cut-leaved or Cutleaf crabapple
------------------------------ Species      transitoria (Batalin) C.K.Schneid.        Transitoria crab apple
------------------------------ Species      zumi (Matsum.) Rehder        O-zumi
------------------------- Genus      Mespilus (Crataegus)
------------------------------ Species      germanica L. (communis, domestica, portentosa, sylvestris, vulgaris)        Common medlar
------------------------- Genus      Osteomeles  *
------------------------------ Species      anthyllidifolia (Sm.) Lindl. (subrotunda)        Ulei / Eluehe / U'ulei / Hawaiian rose or hawthorn / Yuan ye xiao shi ji
------------------------------ Species      schwerinae C.K.Schneid. (anthyllidifolia, boninensis, chinensis, lanata)        Hu xi xiao shi ji
------------------------- Genus      Peraphyllum
------------------------------ Species      ramosissimum Nutt. ex Torr. & A.Gray (ramosissima)       Wild crab or squaw apple
------------------------- Genus      Photinia (Crataegus, Pourthiaea, Pyrus, Sorbus)  *
------------------------------ Species      glabra (Thunb.) Maxim. (variabilis)        Japanese or Red-leaf photinia
------------------------------ Species      villosa (Thunb.) DC. W        Oriental photinia / Yoonori
------------------------- Genus      Physocarpus (Opulaster, Spirea)
------------------------------ Species      opulifolius (L.) Maxim. (glabra, riparius)        Ninebark
------------------------- Genus      Prunus (Amygdalus, Armeniaca, Cerasus, Druparia, Laurocerasus, Padus, Persica, Prunopsis)   *  o
------------------------------ Species      americana Marshall (acinaria, coccinea)        American or Wild plum / Marshall's large yellow sweet plum
------------------------------ Species      andersonii A.Gray        Desert peach or almond
------------------------------ Species      apetala (Siebold & Zucc.) Franch & Sav.        Clove or Taiwan cherry / Choji-zakura
------------------------------ Species      armeniaca L. (ansu)       Apricot / Anzu
------------------------------ Species      avium (L.) L.        Wild or Sweet or Bird cherry / Gean
------------------------------ Species      campanulata Maxim. (cerasoides, pendula)        Taiwan cherry / Kan-zakura
------------------------------ Species      caroliniana (Mill.) Aiton (lusitanica)        Carolina cherry laurel / Carolina cherry / Laurelcherry / Wild mock orange
------------------------------ Species      cerasifera Ehrh. (divaricata, domestica, myrobalanus, pissardii)        Purple leaf or Cherry or Myrobalan plum
------------------------------ Species      domestica L. (communis, oeconomica)        European plum
------------------------------ Species      dulcis (Mill.) D.A.Webb (amygdalus, communis)        Sweet or Bitter or Flowering almond / Hento / Amento
------------------------------ Species      fasciculata (Torr.) A.Gray        Wild or Desert almond / Desert peach
------------------------------ Species      glandulosa Thunb. (japonica)        Pink or Dwarf flowering almond / Korean cherry
------------------------------ Species      incisa Thunb.        Fuji cherry / Fuji-zakura / Mame-zakura
------------------------------ Species      japonica Thunb.        Japanese or Oriental bush cherry / Flowering almond / Niwa-ume
------------------------------ Species      laurocerasus L. (grandifolia)        Cherry or Common or English laurel
------------------------------ Species      maackii Rupr.        Manchurian cherry / Amur chokecherry
------------------------------ Species      mahaleb L.        Mahaleb or St. Lucie cherry
------------------------------ Species      mume (Siebold) Siebold & Zucc. 18 <"over 300 cultivars">        Chinese plum / Japanese flowering or Japanese apricot / Ume / Mei
------------------------------ Species      padus L. (fauriei, germanica, racemosa)        European birdcherry / Hackberry
------------------------------ Species      pensylvanica L.f. (cerasifolia)        Bird or Fire or Pin or Red cherry
------------------------------ Species      persica (L.) Batsch (daemonifuga) 18        Peach / Momo
------------------------------ Species      pseudocerasus Lindl.        Chinese sour or False cherry / Ying tao cherry / Seiyo-mizakura / Falsche weichsel / Wildkirsche / Zwergkirschbaum
------------------------------ Species      pumila L. (besseyi)        Sand or Bessey or Dwarf or Rocky Mountain cherry / Eastern or Great Lakes or Western sand cherry
------------------------------ Species      salicina Lindl. (botan, ichangana, thibetica, triflora)       Chinese or Japanese plum / Sumomo
------------------------------ Species      sargentii Rehder        North Japanese hill or Sargent's cherry
------------------------------ Species      serotina Ehrh. (capuli) W        Black or Wild black or Mountain black or Rum cherry
------------------------------ Species      serrulata Lindl. (jamasakura, lannesiana, leveilleana, , puddum, tenuiflora)       Japanese or Hill or Oriental or East Asian cherry / Sato-zakura / Shan ying hua
------------------------------ Species      speciosa (Koidz.) Ingram (donarium, fimbriisepala, idzuensis, jamasakura, lannesiana, occultans, pseudocerasus, serrulata)        Double flowering or Oshima cherry / Botan-zakura
------------------------------ Species      spinosa L. (acacia, acacia-germanica, domestica)        Blackthorn / Sloe
------------------------------ Species      subhirtella Miq. (itosakura)        Winter-flowering or Weeping flowering or Autumn cherry / Higan-zakura / Shidare-higanzakura / Ito-zakura / Da ye han ying
------------------------------ Species      tomentosa Thunb. (trichocarpa)        Nanking cherry / Korean bushcherry / Yusura-ume
------------------------------ Species      triloba Lindl.        Flowering almond
------------------------------ Species      virginiana L. (serotina)        Bitter-berry / Chokecherry / Virginia bird cherry / Western chokecherry
------------------------- Genus      Purshia (Cowania)
------------------------------ Species      mexicana (D.Don) Henr.        Mexican cliffrose
------------------------------ Species      tridentata (Pursh) DC.        Antelope bitterbrush
------------------------- Genus      Pyracantha (Cotoneaster, Crataegus, Mespilus, Photinia)   *  o
------------------------------ Species      angustifolia (Franch.) C.K.Schneid.        Narrowleaf firethorn
------------------------------ Species      coccinea M.Roem. (lucida, pauciflora, pyracantha, spinosa, vulgaris)        Scarlet firethorn
------------------------------ Species      crenatoserrata (Hance) Rehder        Broad-leaf firethorn
------------------------------ Species      crenulata (Roxb. ex D.Don) M.Roem. (chinensis)        Nepalese firethorn
------------------------------ Species      fortuneana (Maxim.) H.L.Li (crenulata, gibbsii, yunnanensis)        Firethorn
------------------------- Species      koidzumii (Hayata) Rehder (formosana)        Formosa firethorn
------------------------- Genus      Pyrus  (Malus) *  o  #
------------------------------ Species      calleryana Decne. (dimorphophylla, kawakamii, mairei)        Callery or Bradford pear
------------------------------ Species      communis L. (pyraster, sativa)        European or Common pear
------------------------------ Species      pyrifolia (Burm.f.) Nakai (serotina)        Asian or Chinese or Korean or Japanese or Taiwan or Sand pear
------------------------------ Species      salicifolia Pall. (argyrophylla)        Willow-leaved or Weeping pear
------------------------------ Species      ussuriensis Maxim. ex Rupr. (simonii, sinensis)       Chinese or Siberian or Manchurian pear / Qiu zi li
------------------------- Genus      Rhaphiolepis (Crataegus, Mespilus)  *
------------------------------ Species      indica (L.) Lindl. (gracilis, loureiri, parvibracteolata, rubra, rugosa, sinensis)        Indian hawthorn
------------------------- Genus      Rosa  *
------------------------------ Species      banksiae R.Br. (inermis)        Lady Banks' rose
------------------------------ Species      canina L. (acanthina, actinodroma, adenocalyx, amansii, beatricis, belgradensis, bourgeonensis, burnatii, caucasica, cinerascens, cinerosa, cladoleia, communis, condensata, curticola, dilucida, dumetorum, dumosa, edita, erythrantha, firma, fissispina, flexibilis, flexuosa, frivaldskyi, frondosa, glaucescens, heterostyla, hispidula, inconspicua, insignis, istriaca, istrica, kalmiussica, keissleriana, lioclada, litigiosa, longituba, lutetiana, macroacantha, mallardiana, mandonii, marisensis, mollardiana, montivaga, mucronulata, nemophila, nitens, oblonga, oblongata, oreades, platyphylla, podolica, polyodon, pratincola, prutensis, psilophylla, pubens, ramosissima, rougeonensis, rubescens, sarmentacea, sarmentosa, senticosa, separabilis, silvularum, sphaerica,sphaeroidea, spherica, spinetorum, spuria, squarrosa, stipularis, sylvularum, syntrichostyla, timbaliana, touranginiana, venosa, willibaldii)        Dog rose
------------------------------ Species      rubiginosa L. (eglanteria, floribunda, moutinii, uliginosa) W        Sweet briar / Eglantine rose
------------------------- Genus      Rubus  #
------------------------------ Species      plicatus Weihe & Nees (aestivalis, affinis, avellanifolius, corylifolius, erectus, ernestibolli, exaltatus, fruticosus, holmiensis, longipetiolatus, nitidus, polymorphus, rosulentus, spicifolius, suberectus, sulcatus, teutobergensis, thyrsoideus) P        Blackberry
------------------------- Genus      Sorbus (Pyrus)   *  o  #   * Ecto + EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------------ Species      americana Marshall (aucuparia micrantha, microcarpa, riparia)        American mountain ash
------------------------------ Species      aucuparia L. (altaica, amurensis, anadyrensis, boissieri, camschatcensis, glabrata, kamtschatcensis, moravica, pohuashanensis, polaris) P        Rowan / European rowan / Mountain-ash / European mountain-ash
------------------------------ Species      commixta Hedl. (amabilis, americana, aucuparia, discolor, japonica, nikkoensis, randaiensis, rufoferruginea, serotina, wilfordii)        Japanese mountain ash or rowan
------------------------------ Species      reducta Diels.        Dwarf Chinese mountain ash
------------------------- Genus      Spiraea  *  #
------------------------------ Species      blumei G.Don (amabilis, obtusa, ribisoidea, rupestris, sikokualpina, trilobata)        Xiu qiu xiu xian ju
------------------------------ Species      cantoniensis Lour. (lanceolata, neumannii, reevesiana)        Reeves' spirea or meadowsweet / Double bridal wreath / Double Reeves
------------------------------ Species      japonica L.f. (angulata, belloides, bullata, callosa, fortunei, fritschiana, koreana, microgyna) W        Japanese spiraea or meadowsweet
------------------------- Genus      Stephanandra  #
------------------------------ Species      incisa (Thunb.) Zabel (flexuosa)        Cut-leaf stephanandra
-------------------- Family      Ulmaceae, the elm family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Holoptelea (Ulmus)
------------------------------ Species      integrifolia (Roxb) Planch.        Indian or South Indian elm / Entire-leaved elm tree / Jungle cork tree / Chilbil / Kanju / Papri / Ainasadada / Vavala / Aya / Aaval / Nali / Nata karanja / Dhauranjan / Vamvlo / Charal / Charel / Kanjo / Chirivilva / Sano pangro
------------------------- Genus      Ulmus  *  #
------------------------------ Species      alata Michx. (alatus)        Winged elm / Wahoo
------------------------------ Species      americana L. (floridana)        American or White or Water elm
------------------------------ Species      crassifolia Nutt. (monterreyensis)        Southern Rock or Cedar or Basket or Scrub or Lime or Texas elm
------------------------------ Species      davidiana Planch.        David elm
------------------------------ Species      glabra Huds. (campestris, cebennensis, communis, horizontalis, inflexa, latifolia, major, montana, podolica, scabra, sukaczevii)        Wych or Scots elm
------------------------------ Species      lanceifolia Roxb. (tonkinensis)        Vietnam elm / Chang lu yu / Ulmus lokal
------------------------------ Species      minor Mill. (angustifolia, araxina, campestre, carpinifolia, diversifolia, foliacea, foliosa, fungosa, georgica, glabra, grossheimii, nitens, plotii, procera, pumila, reticulata, rotundifolia, sarniensis, sativa, stricta, suberosa, uzbekistanica, wheatleyi, wyssotzkyi)        Field or English or Common or Atinian elm
------------------------------ Species      parvifolia Jacq. 7 (campestris, chinensis, coreana, japonica, sieboldii, shirasawana, virgata) <"over 50 cultivars">        Chinese or Lacebark elm / Lang yu / Ulmus luar
------------------------------ Species      pumila L. P (campestris, manshurica, pinnato-ramosa, turkestanica)        Siberian or Asiatic or Dwarf or Chinese elm
------------------------- Genus      Zelkova [Celcova]  (Planera) #
------------------------------ Species      carpinifolia (Pall.) K. Koch (hyrcana)        Caucasian elm or zelkova
------------------------------ Species      serrata (Thunb.) Makino (acuminata, formosana, hirta, keaki, tarokoensis)        Japanese zelkova / Gray-bark elm / Keyaki
-------------------- Family      Urticaceae, the nettle family
------------------------- Genus      Pilea (Urtica)
------------------------------ Species      microphylla (L.) Liebm. (muscosa, portula, serpyllacea, succulenta, trianthemoides)        Artillery plant or fern / Gunpowder plant / Brilhantina
--------------- Order      Sabiales
-------------------- Family      Sabiaceae, the sabia family
------------------------- Genus      Sabia  *  o
------------------------------ Species      japonica Maxim. (bullockii)        Sabia / Ruribyotan
--------------- Order      Sapindales
-------------------- Family      Aceraceae, the maple family (sometimes under Sapindaceae)   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Acer (Euacer, Negundo, Rufacer) 7  #
------------------------------ Species      buergerianum Miq. (lingii, paxii, subtrilobum, trifidum, trinerve) <"at least 6 cultivars">        Trident or Three-toothed maple / To-kaede / Kaede / Sankaku-kaede / San jiao feng
------------------------------ Species      campestre L. (affine, bedoi, collinum, eriocarpon, erythrocarpum, haplolobum, heterolobum, heterotomum, macrocarpon, microphyllum, molle, orthopteron, palmatisectum, polycarpon, praecox, quinquelobatum, robustum, suberosum, sylvestre, tauricum, tauschianum, tomentosum, trilobum)        Field or Hedge maple
------------------------------ Species      capillipes Maxim. ex Miq.        Kyushu or Red snakebark Maple / Hosoekaede
------------------------------ Species      caudatifolium Hayata (capillipes, insulare, kawakamii, morrisonense, ovatifolium, pectinatum, rubescens, taiton-montanum)        Snakebark or Kawagami or Taiwanese striped-bark maple / Jian wei feng / Yu shan feng
------------------------------ Species      circinatum Pursh (macounii, modocense, virgatum)        Vine maple
------------------------------ Species      davidii Franch. (cavaleriei, horizontale, laxiflorum, sikkimense)        Père David's maple
------------------------------ Species      glabrum Torr. (barbatum, neomexicanum, torreyi, tripartitum)        Rocky Mountain maple
------------------------------ Species      griseum (Franch.) Pax (nikoense, pedunculatum)        Paperbark maple / Xue pi feng
------------------------------ Species      japonicum Thunb. (circumlobatum, heyhachii, kobakoense, monocarpon, nudicarpum, pseudosieboldianum)        Downy Japanese or Fullmoon maple / Hauchiwakaede
------------------------------ Species      leucoderme Small        Chalk or Whitebark maple
------------------------------ Species      monspessulanum L. (commutatum, denticulatum, heckianum, hungaricum, illyricum, liburnicum, loscosii, rectangulum, rumelicum, talyschense, trifolium, trilobatum, trilobum)        Montpellier maple
------------------------------ Species      negundo L. (californicum, fauriei, fraxinifolium, lobatum, nuttallii, trifoliatum, violaceum)        Box elder / Boxelder maple / Maple ash
------------------------------ Species      oblongum Wall. ex DC. (albopurpurascens, buergerianum, buzimpala, discolor, hypoleucum, itoanum, laikuanii, lanceolatum, laurifolium, litseifolium, nepalense, oblongifolium, trifidum)        Himalayan or Evergreen or Kashmir or Smooth leaf maple
------------------------------ Species      palmatum Thunb. (amoenum, decompositum, dissectum, formosum, friederici-guillelmii, incisum, jucundum, ornatum, pinnatifidum, polymorphum, pulverulentum, ribesifolium, roseomarginatum, sanguineum, septemlobum, sessilifolium) <"1000+ cultivars">       Japanese or Smooth Japanese maple / Irohamomiji / Momiji / Nomura-kaede / Nomura-momiji
------------------------------ Species      pensylvanicum L. (canadense, tricuspifolium)        Striped or Moose maple / Moosewood
------------------------------ Species      platanoides L. (cappadocicum, dieckii, fallax, laciniatum, lactescens, laetum, lobelii, lobergii, palmatifidum, platanifolium, reitenbachii, rotundum, schwedleri, vitifolium)        Norway maple
------------------------------ Species      pseudoplatanus L. (abchasicum, atropurpureum, bohemicum, dittrichii, erythrocarpum, euchlorum, fieberi, hybridum, majus, melliodorum, montanum, opizii, opulifolium, procerum, purpureum, quinquelobum, rafinesquianum, villosum, wondracekii, worleei) W        Sycamore maple
------------------------------ Species      rubrum L. (carolinianum, coccineum, drummondii, fulgens, glaucum, hypoleucum, microphyllum, sanguineum, semiorbiculatum, splendens, wagneri)        Red or Swamp or Water or Soft maple
------------------------------ Species      saccharum Marshall (barbatum, floridanum, grandidentatum, hispidum, leucoderme, nigrum, palmifolium, rugelii, saccharinum, saccharophorum, subglaucum, treleaseanum)        Sugar or Rock or Bigtooth maple
------------------------------ Species      shirasawanum Koidz. (dissectum, japonicum, tenuifolium)        Shirasawa's or Fullmoon maple / Ooitayameigetsu
------------------------------ Species      tataricum L. (cordifolium, ginnala)        Tatar or Tatarian or Amur maple
------------------------------ Species      truncatum Bunge (cappadocicum, laetum, lobelii, lobulatum, pictum, platanoides)        Shantung or Shandong or Purpleblow maple
-------------------- Family      Anacardiaceae, the cashew or sumac family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Anacardium (Cassuvium)
------------------------------ Species      occidentale L. (microcarpum)        Cashew / Acaju / Kasoy
------------------------- Genus      Cotinus (Rhus)  *
------------------------------ Species      coggygria Scop. (arenarius, cinereus, coriarius, cotinus, ellipticus, velutinus)        Purple smoke bush
------------------------- Genus      Harpephyllum  o
------------------------------ Species      caffrum Bernh.        Kaffir plum
------------------------- Genus      Mangifera  o
------------------------------ Species      altissima Blanco        Paho / Pahutan
------------------------------ Species      indica L. (austroyunnanensis)        Mango / Amba / Mangue / Manguier / Mangobaum / Manga / Mangueira
------------------------- Genus      Operculicarya
------------------------------ Species      decaryi H. Perrier        Jabily / Elephant tree
------------------------------ Species      pachypus Eggli        Operculicarya / Operculicaria
------------------------- Genus      Pachycormus
------------------------------ Species      discolor (Benth.) Coville        Elephant tree
------------------------- Genus      Pistacia (Rhus)  #  *
------------------------------ Species      chinensis Bunge (formosana, philippinensis)        Chinese pistache / Huanglianmu
------------------------------ Species      lentiscus L.        Mastic tree
------------------------- Genus      Rhus # toxic sap #   *
------------------------------ Species      aromatica Aiton        Fragrant sumac
------------------------------ Species      copallinum L. (copallina)        Flameleaf or Shiny or Dwarf or Winged or Mountain or Black sumac
------------------------------ Species      crenata Thunb.        Dune crowberry
------------------------------ Species      microphylla Engelm.        Littleleaf or Desert sumac / Correosa / Agritos
------------------------------ Species      trilobata Nutt.        Sourberry / Skunkbush / Three-leaf sumac
------------------------------ Species      typhina L. (hirta)        Common or Staghorn sumac / Stag's horn sumach
------------------------- Genus      Schinus  o
------------------------------ Species      longifolia (Lindl.) Speg. [longifolius]        Molle / Molle rastrero / Incienso / Tabanero
------------------------------ Species      molle L. (angustifolia, bituminosus, huigan, occidentalis)        Peruvian or American or False or Californian pepper tree / Escobilla / Molle del Peru / Peppercorn tree / Pirul / Peruvian mastic
------------------------------ Species      terebinthifolia Raddi W (antiarthriticus, chichita, mellisii, mucronulatus, terebinthifolius, weinmanniifolius)        Brazilian or Broad-leaf pepper tree / Christmas berry / Florida holly
------------------------- Genus      Searsia (Rhus)
------------------------------ Species      crenata (Thunb.) Moffett        Dune crowberry
------------------------------ Species      glauca (Thunb.) Moffett        Blue Kuni-bush
------------------------------ Species      lancea (L.f.) F.A.Barkley        African sumac / Karee / Hlokoshiyne / Umhlakotshane / Mokalaabata
------------------------------ Species      undulata (Jacq.) T.S.Yi, A.J.Mill. & J.Wen        Kuni-Bush / Koeniebos
------------------------- Genus      Spondias  o
------------------------------ Species      mombin L. (aurantiaca, dubia, graveolens, lutea, oghigee, pseudomyrobalanus, purpurea)        Jobo / Jocote de Corona / Yellow mombin / Hog or Hug or Spanish or Gully or Ashanti or Java or Coolie plum / Mope / Cajá / Taperebá / Ambaló / Uvos or mango ciruelo / Akukor / Iyeye or Yeye / Ngulungwu / Isada / Golden apple / Ambaralla / Omora / Aamra / Ambado / Ambate / Amate Kaayi / Ambazham / Junglee Aam / Cóc / Mangotin / Nkunia guenguere kunansieto / Ciruela / Ambda / Ambada / Titimel
------------------------- Genus      Toxicodendron (Rhus) # highly toxic sap #   *
------------------------------ Species      radicans (L.) Kuntze        Poison ivy
------------------------------ Species      succedaneum (L.) Kuntze W (succedanea)       Lacquer or Wax tree
-------------------- Family      Burseraceae, the bursera family
------------------------- Genus      Bursera (Amyris, Elaphrium, Terebinthus)
------------------------------ Species      fagaroides (Kunth) Engl. (covillei, inaguensis, lonchophylla, obovata, odorata, purpusii, schaffneri, tenuifolia)        Fragrant bursera
------------------------------ Species      microphylla A.Gray        Elephant tree / Torote / Torote blanco or rojo or colorado / Copal / Palo colorado / Cuajiote blanco
------------------------------ Species      simaruba (L.) Sarg. (arborea, bonairensis, gummifera, integerrima, subpubescens)        Gumbo-limbo / Copperwood / Chaca
------------------------- Genus      Canarium
------------------------------ Species      ovatum Engl. (melioides, pachyphyllum)        Pili
------------------------------ Species      vulgare Leenh.        Java almond
------------------------- Genus      Commiphora (Balsamea, Balsamodendron, Protionopsis)
------------------------------ Species      caudata (Wight & Arn.) Engl.        Konda mavu / Kiliya maram / Pachaikiluva
------------------------------ Species      harveyi (Engl.) Engl.        Corkwood / Commiphora / Kanniedood
------------------------------ Species      kataf (Forssk.) Engl. (erythraea, gallaensis, schimperi)        Bisabol myrrh / Opopanax / Opoponaco
------------------------------ Species      myrrha (Nees) Engl. (coriacea, cuspidata, molmol, rivae)        Common or gum myrrh
------------------------------ Species      wightii (Arn.) Bhandari (roxburghii)        Indian bdellium-tree / Gugal / Guggul / Gugul / Guggulu / Mukul myrrh tree / Koushika / Devadhupa / Palankasha
-------------------- Family      Meliaceae, the mahogany family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Aglaia  *
------------------------------ Species      odorata Lour. (chaudocensis, duperreana, oblanceolata, pentaphylla, repoeuensis, sinensis)        Chinese perfume plant
------------------------- Genus      Lansium (Aglaia)
------------------------------ Species      parasiticum (Osbeck) K.C.Sahni & Bennet (domesticum)        Langsat / Buahluku / Lanzones
------------------------- Genus      Melia (Azedarach)
------------------------------ Species      azedarach L. (angustifolia, australis, birmanica, bukayun, chinensis, cochinchinensis, commelini, composita, dubia, florida, guineensis, japonica, orientalis, sambucina, sempervirens, toosendan)        Chinaberry / Persian lilac / White or Ceylon cedar / Texas umbrella / Bead-tree / Cape lilac / Syringa / Malai vembu / Bakain / Zanzalakht / Dharek / Dhraik / Ghora neem / Hebbevu / Vilayati / Bakain / Vaondelaka
------------------------- Genus      Sandoricum
------------------------------ Species      koetjape (Burm.f.) Merr. (indicum, maingayi, nervosum)        Santol / Yamapi' / Donka / Donga / Krathon / Sathon / Ma tong / Ma tuen / Kecapi / Kelampu / Ranggu / Sentul / Thi' tou / Faux mangoustanier / Ketuat
-------------------- Family      Rutaceae, the citrus family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Atalantia (Citrus, Sclerostylis)
------------------------------ Species      buxifolia (Poir.) Oliv. ex Benth. (bilocularis, loureiroana)        Chinese box-orange / Tsau ping lak / Black thorn
------------------------- Genus      Boronia  *
------------------------------ Species      polygalifolia Sm. (hyssopifolia, oppositifolia, tetrathecoides)        Dwarf boronia
------------------------- Genus      Choisya  *
------------------------------ Species      ternata Kunth (grandiflora)        Choisya
------------------------- Genus      Citrus  (Feroniella, Fortunella, Limon, Poncirus)  *  o
------------------------------ Species      aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle (aurantium, depressa, hystrix, medica)        Key lime
------------------------------ Species      australasica F.Muell.        Australian finger lime
------------------------------ Species      cavaleriei H.Lév. ex Cavalerie (hongheensis, ichangensis, junos, macrosperma)        Ichang papeda
------------------------------ Species      japonica Thunb        Wild or Hong Kong or Round or Marumi or Morgani or Dwarf kumquat / Kinkan / Kinzu
------------------------------ Species      junos Siebold ex Tanaka        Yuzu
------------------------------ Species      limon (L.) Osbeck        Lemon / Limone / Citron / Limonero
------------------------------ Species      lucida (Scheff.) Mabb. (aurantium, medica)        Can thang / Kawista-krikil / Gelingga / Ka andf / Cra san / Sang / Ma sang / Da da / Wood apple / Java feroniella
------------------------------ Species      medica L. (alata, balotina, bicolor, bigena, cedra, cedrata, crassa, fragrans, gongra, grandis, hassaku, hiroshimana, kizu, kwangsiensis, limetta, limonimedica, lumia, nana, odorata, pyriformis, sarcodactylus, sudachi, tuberosa)        Citron / Cedrat / Cidratier / Citronnier des Juifs / Cidra / Poncil / Poncidre / Cedro limon / Limon cidra or Frances / Cidrao / Cedro / Cedrone / Cedratzitrone / Cederappelen / Citroen / Beg-poora / Leemoo / Limau susu or mata kerbau or kerat lingtang / Som-mu / Som manao / Som ma-ngua / Manao ripon / Mak vo or nao / Thank-yen / Chanh / Tipolo / Moli-apatupatu / Kou-yuan
------------------------------ Species      mitis Blanco        Calamondin
------------------------------ Species      reticulata Blanco (aurantium, chrysocarpa, crenatifolia, daoxianensis, deliciosa, depressa, erythrosa, himekitsu, koozi, lycopersiciformis, madurensis, mangshanensis, nippokoreana, nobilis, otachihana, papillaris, ponki, poonensis, succosa, suhuiensis, sunki, tachibana, tangerina, tankan, unshiu, vangasy)        Mandarin / Satsuma / Tangerine / Manadarin orange / Tachibana
------------------------------ Species      trifoliata L. (trifolia, triptera)        Trifoliate or Hardy orange / Zhi / Karatachi
------------------------- Genus      Coleonema  (Diosma) *
------------------------------ Species      album (Thunb.) Bartl. & H.L.Wendl.        Cape May / White confetti bush / Aasbossie / Klipboegoe /
------------------------------ Species      pulchellum I.Williams (filiforme)        Pink breath of heaven / Confetti bush / Pink diosma
------------------------- Genus      Limonia (Feronia)
------------------------------ Species      acidissima Groff        Limonia / Wood-apple / Elephant-apple / Monkey or Monk or Curd or Arhat or Buddha fruit / Bal / Bael / Koth bael / Thee pin / Thee thee / Luo han guo / Kothu / Kaitha / Kath bel / Kabeet / Kawis / Kawista / Kvet / Belada or Byalada or Balulada hannu / Belingai / Vilam kai / KavaTH / Kaintha / Billa / Kapittha / Dadhistha / Surabhicchada / Kapipriya / Dadhi / Puspapahala / Dantasatha / Phalasugandhika / Cirapaki / Karabhithu / Kanti / Gandhapatra / Grahiphala / Kasayamlaphala / Divul / Vilam palam / Vellaga pandu / Quách
------------------------- Genus      Murraya [Murraea] (Chalcas)  *  o
------------------------------ Species      koenigii (L.) Spreng.        Curry or Curry-leaf tree / Sweet or Mitha neem / Kadhi patta
------------------------------ Species      paniculata (L.) Jack (exotica, omphalocarpa)       Orange jasmine or jessamine / Kamuning or Kemuning / Binangonan / Chinese box / Mock orange or lime / Satinwood / Lakeview jasmine / Sarika Keo / Kamini / Kadu karibevu / Maramulla / Kamini kusum / Kunti / Yué jú (Moon tangerine) / Chit li heong (Fragant can be smell seven li) / Nagagolungu / Kattu kariyilai / Vengarai / Nguyet quat or quoi
------------------------- Genus      Ptelea
------------------------------ Species      trifoliata L.        Common hoptree / Wafer ash
------------------------- Genus      Ravenia
------------------------------ Species      spectabilis Engl.        Limonia
------------------------- Genus      Ruta
------------------------------ Species      graveolens L. (hortensis)        Common rue
------------------------- Genus      Triphasia  (Limonia) o
------------------------------ Species      trifolia (Burm.f.) P.Wilson (aurantiola, diacantha, javanica, triphylla)        Limeberry / Lemonsito / Jeruk kingkit or ranti or rante or kelingkit/ Kingkit / Kingkip / Limau kiah or Kunci / Kiah or Key lime / Kalijage / Orange trifolia / Rante orange / Lemo-Lemo / Joji koyo
------------------------- Genus      Zanthoxylum (Fagara)
------------------------------ Species      beecheyanum K.Koch        Chinese pepper tree
------------------------------ Species      bungeanum Maxim. (acanthophyllum, argyi, bugei, fraxinoides, nitidum, piperitum, podocarpum, setosum, simulans, usitatum)        Japanese pepper or pricklyash / Sansho
------------------------------ Species      nitidum (Roxb.) DC. (asperum, hamiltonianum, hirtellum, torvum)        Shiny-leaf prickly-ash / Tez-mui / Tejamool/ Liang mian zhen
------------------------- Genus      Zieria  #
------------------------------ Species      prostrata J.A.Armstr.        Zieria
-------------------- Family      Sapindaceae, the soapberry family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Aesculus (Hippocastanum, Macrothyrsus, Nebropsis, Pavia, Pawia)  *  o  #
------------------------------ Species      californica (Spach) Nutt.        California buckeye or horse-chestnut
------------------------------ Species      glabra Willd. (echinata, muricata, ochroleuca, ohioensis, pallida, rosea, rubella, rubicunda, verrucosa, watsoniana)        Ohio or American or Fetid buckeye
------------------------------ Species      hippocastanum L. (asplenifolia, castanea, memmingeri, procera, septenata)        Horse-chestnut / Conker tree
------------------------------ Species      indica (Wall. ex Cambess.) Hook.        Indian or Himalayan horse chestnut
------------------------------ Species      parviflora Walter (alba, macrostachya, odorata, )        Bottlebrush buckeye
------------------------------ Species      pavia L. (austrina, discolor, humilis, lyonii, mollis, octandra, pubescens, rubescens, rubra, splendens, versicolor, whitleyi)        Red buckeye / Firecracker plant
------------------------------ Species      turbinata Blume (dissimilis)        Japanese horse chestnut / Tochi-no-ki
------------------------- Genus      Dimocarpus (Euphoria, Nephelium, Sapindus, Scytalia)
------------------------------ Species      longan Lour. (pupilla, undulatus)        Longan
------------------------- Genus      Erythrophysa (Fagara)
------------------------------ Species      alata (Eckl. & Zeyh.) Hutch. (undulata)        Chinese or Sichuan pepper
------------------------- Genus      Litchi (Euphoria, Nephelium, Scytalia)   o
------------------------------ Species      chinensis Sonn.        Lychee
------------------------- Genus      Nephelium (Euphoria, Scytalia)
------------------------------ Species      lappaceum L.        Rambutan
------------------------- Genus      Sapindus
------------------------------ Species      saponaria L. (abruptus, alatus, forsythii, inaequalis, indica, microcarpus, peruvianus, rigidus, stenopterus, thurstonii, turczaninowii)        Soapberry
-------------------- Family      Simaroubaceae, the quassia family
------------------------- Genus      Ailanthus (Pongelion, Rhus)
------------------------------ Species      altissima (Mill.) Swingle (cacodendron, erythrocarpa, esquirolii, giraldii, glandulosa, japonica, peregrina, pongelion, procera, rhodoptera, rubra, sinensis, vilmoriniana) W        Tree of heaven
--------------- Order      Saxifragales
-------------------- Family      Altingiaceae, the liquidambar family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Liquidambar  #
------------------------------ Species      orientalis Mill. (imberbis)        Oriental or Turkish sweetgum
------------------------------ Species      styraciflua L. (barbata, gummifera, macrophylla)        Sweet-gum / American sweetgum / Alligator-wood / American-storax / Bilsted / Red-gum / Satin-walnut / Star-leaved gum
-------------------- Family      Cercidiphyllaceae, the katsura family
------------------------- Genus      Cercidiphyllum  #
------------------------------ Species      japonicum Siebold & Zucc. ex J.J.Hoffm. & J.H.Schult.bis (magnificum, ovale)        Katsura
-------------------- Family      Crassulaceae, the orpine family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Aeonium
------------------------------ Species      sedifolium (Webb ex Bolle) Pit. & Proust.        Dwarf Aeonium
------------------------- Genus      Aichryson (Aeonium)
------------------------------ Species      domesticum Praeger        Youth and old age plant
------------------------- Genus      Crassula  (Combesia, Creusa, Sedum) *   * sometimes Non-Mycorrhizal
------------------------------ Species      arborescens (Mill.) Willd. (cotyledon, cotyledonifolia)        Silver dollar plant
------------------------------ Species      muscosa L. (anguina, imbricata, littoralis, lycioides, lycopodioides, pseudolycopodioides)        Watch chain plant / Clubmoss or Rattail crassula / Princess pine
------------------------------ Species      ovata (Mill.) Druce (argentea, articulata, nitida, obliqua, portulacea)        Jade or Lucky or Money plant / Friendship tree / Pink joy / Beestebul / Kerkij / Kerky / Plakkies / T'karkai / Umxhalagube
------------------------------ Species      sarcocaulis Eckl. & Zeyh. (lignosa, parvisepala)        Joshua tree sedum
------------------------------ Species      tetragona L. (acutifolia, bibracteata, decussata, densifolia, fruticulosa, radicans)        Miniature pine tree
------------------------- Genus      Sedum (Saxifraga)   * sometimes Non-Mycorrhizal
------------------------------ Species      frutescens Rose        Joshua tree sedum
------------------------------ Species      multiceps Coss. & Durieu        Dwarf or Pygmy Joshua tree
------------------------------ Species      oxypetalum Kunth        Dwarf tree stonecrop
------------------------------ Species      palmeri S. Watson        Palmer's sedum
------------------------- Genus      Tylecodon (Cotyledon)
------------------------------ Species      paniculatus Tölken (paniculata)        Butter tree / Botterboom
------------------------------ Species      wallichii Tölken # plant is poisonous to livestock #       Wallich cotyledon
-------------------- Family      Grossulariaceae, the gooseberry family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Ribes  (Grossularia) o
------------------------------ Species      fasciculatum Siebold & Zucc. (japonicum)        Umbels currant / Cu hua cha biao zi
------------------------------ Species      inerme Rydb. (divericatum, hirtellum)        Whitestem or White stemmed gooseberry
------------------------------ Species      missouriense Nutt.        Missouri gooseberry or currant / Wild gooseberry
------------------------------ Species      rubrum L. (spicatum, sylvestre, vulgare)        Red or Cultivated currant
------------------------------ Species      uva-crispa L. (aculeatum, caucasicum, crispum, dubium, grossularia, grossularium, hybridum, reclinatum, spinosum)        European gooseberry
-------------------- Family      Hamamelidaceae, the witch hazel family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Corylopsis  *   #
------------------------------ Species      pauciflora Siebold & Zucc. (matsudae)        Buttercup witch hazel / Buttercup winterhazel
------------------------------ Species      spicata Siebold & Zucc. (kesakii)        Spike winterhazel
------------------------- Genus      Distylium
------------------------------ Species      racemosum Siebold & Zucc.        Isu tree
------------------------- Genus      Fothergilla  *
------------------------------ Species      major Lodd. (latifolia, monticola)        Mountain witch alder / Large or Alabama fothergilla
------------------------- Genus      Hamamelis  *
------------------------------ Species      japonica Siebold & Zucc. (arborea, zuccariniana)        Japanese witch hazel
------------------------------ Species      mollis Oliv. ex F.B.Forbes & Hemsl.        Chinese witch hazel
------------------------- Genus      Loropetalum  *
------------------------------ Species      chinense (R. Br.) Oliv. (indicum, subcapitatum)        Chinese fringe flower
------------------------- Genus      Parrotia
------------------------------ Species      persica C.A.Mey.        Persian ironwood or parrotia
-------------------- Family      Saxifragaceae, the saxifrage family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Saxifraga  (Diptera) *
------------------------------ Species      stolonifera Curtis (chaffanjonii, chinensis, cuscutiformis, dumetorum, fortunei, iochanensis, ligulata, sarmentosa, veitchiana)        Creeping or Strawberry saxifrage
--------------- Order      Zygophyllales
-------------------- Family      Zygophyllaceae, the bean-caper and caltrop family   EndoMycorrhizal
------------------------- Genus      Guaiacum  *  o
------------------------------ Species      officinale L. (bijugum, breynii)        Lignum vitae
------------------------- Genus      Larrea  *
------------------------------ Species      tridentata (Sessé & Moc. ex DC.) Coville        Creosote / Greasewood / Chaparral

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Index by Family
Anthophyta
Cycadophyta
Pinophyta
Pteridophyta
Notes
Magnoliophyta - Rosidae I
Magnoliophyta - Asteridae
Magnoliophyta - Caryophyllidae
Magnoliophyta - Dilleniidae
Magnoliophyta - Hamamelididae
Magnoliophyta - Magnoliidae
Magnoliophyta - Ranunculidae
Magnoliophyta - Rosidae II


To show patterns of "ease" with known/experienced plants, to find suggested "ease" with unknown/new plants,
to uncover previously unsuspected patterns.
Of course, location and microclimate will ultimately determine when members of the same genus can be grown near each other.


This listing includes more specimens than are delineated in the strict Japanese sense of the word "bonsai."
Enthusiasts around the world are incorporating more and often uniquely local types of plants in their magical miniature landscape compositions,
and thus these pages are compiled with this larger reference in mind.

We are using here the APG II System, with some blending of a modified Cronquist System.
We acknowledge that for some of these plants there could be disagreement regarding ranks above the family level.

(Non-italicized genus or species names) in parenthesis are synonyms of the preceding italicized official genus or species.
Small print non-italicized names after the official species name indicate the author(s) of the original genus placement;
if the genus was changed, we show (the original author(s) in parentheses) followed by the current author, per standard citation practices.
Where a synonym of one plant is also the same as another actual listed species for that genus,
the first plant was listed in some places as a variety of the synoynm rather than as its own species as presented here.
Due to space considerations, we are not including the author(s) for the synonyms.
[Non-italicized genus names] in brackets are alternative but incorrect spellings of the preceding italicized official genus.
Most of the botanical names herein follow The Plant List.


We have started to indicate after the genus name which plants as bonsai are especially favored for their flowers (*),
which are favored for their fruits (o), and which are favored for their colored leaves (#), particularly in autumn.
Please keep in mind that the colors of these symbols are arbitrary and do not necessarily reflect the actual color of the flowers and/or fruits so indicated.
Not all members of the genus may produce these favors.

X after a name indicates rare and/or endangered species.

P after a name indicates pioneer plants, the first to colonize a disturbed or damaged community, fast growers with lots of long-viable seeds, but not particularly long-lived as mature plants.

W after a name indicates weedy or invasive species in some places, so be careful with your discarded material or parts thereof.

The twenty-three most popular species nowadays are indicated in bolded green.

The original "Four Gentlemen," "Seven Virtuous Ones," and "Eighteen Scholars" are so indicated by either 4, 7, or 18 after the name.

The climate zone where they are growing will affect whether a few of these plants are perennials or are completely deciduous.


We are in the process of listing common names for all the various species here.



Anyone who knows of additional species used as bonsai or updates/corrections to this listing
is asked to please contact  rjb@magiminiland.org.  Thank-you.



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